Employment and Social Policy

Employment and social policy fall under the principle of subsidiarity (Art. 5 of the "Treaty on European Union") which means under the competences of the EU Member States. In their efforts, they are supported by the European Uninon on basis of Art. 145f and Art. 151f of the "Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union": promotion of employment, improvement of living and working conditions, social security, social dialogue, combating of exclusion etc.

EU Institutions

EU Policy at a glance

EU Policy by topic:

• European Union: Employment and Social Affairs ; Health

• European Commission: Education and training ;
   Employment and social affairs ; Youth ; Public Health

European Pillar of Social Rights (reflection on the social dimension of Europe by 2025)
   - Press release ; Fact sheet: Questions and Answers (26 April 2017)
   - EUR-Lex: Information, documents, summaries of EU legislation


EU Legislation

• Legislation in force:
   Freedom of movement for wokers and social policy ; Consumers and health protection

The Rules Governing Medicinal Products in the European Union (EU Legislation - Eudralex)

Publications: Documents, Reports, Journals

Green Papers

Green Paper on the future Common European Asylum System
   (COM/2007/0301 final, June 2007)

Green Paper: Towards a Europe free from tobacco smoke: policy options at EU level
   (COM/2007/0027 final, January 2007)

Green Paper: Modernising labour law to meet the challenges of the 21st century
   (COM/2006/0708 final, November 2006)

Green paper on the role of Civil Society in Drugs Policy in the European Union
   (COM/2006/0316 final, July 2006)

Green Paper: Promoting healthy diets and physical activity : a European dimension for
   the prevention of overweight, obesity and chronic diseases

   (COM/2005/0637 final, December 2005)

Green Paper on the Future of the European Migration Network
   (COM/2005/0606 final, November 2005)

Green Paper: Improving the mental health of the population. Towards a strategy on
   mental health for the European Union
  (COM/2005/0484 final, October 2005)

Green Paper - Confronting demographic change: a new solidarity between the generations
   (COM/2005/0094 final, March 2005)

Green Paper on an EU approach to managing economic migration 
   (COM/2004/0811 final, January 2005)

Green paper: Equality and non-discrimination in an enlarged European Union
   (COM/2004/0379 final, May 2004)

Green Paper: Maintenance obligations (COM/2004/0254 final, April 2004)

Green Paper on services of general interest (COM/2003/0270 final, May 2003)

Green Paper: Entrepreneurship in Europe (COM/2003/0027 final, January 2003)

Green Paper on alternative dispute resolution in civil and commercial law
   (COM/2002/0196 final, April 2002)

Green Paper on a community return policy on illegal residents
   (COM/2002/0175 final, April 2002)

Green Paper on Promoting a European framework for Corporate Social Responsibility
   (COM/2001/0366 final, Juli 2001)

Supplementary Pensions in the Single Market - A Green Paper (COM/1997/0283, June 1997)

Green Paper on partnership for a new organisation of work (COM/1997/0128, April 1997)

Green Paper - Living and Working in the Information Society: People First
   (COM/1996/0389, July 1996)

Green Paper: European Social Policy - Options for the Union
   (COM/1993/0551, November 1993)


White Papers

White Paper Together for Health: A Strategic Approach for the EU 2008-2013
   (COM/2007/0630 final, October 2007)

White Paper on A Strategy for Europe on Nutrition, Overweight and Obesity related
   health issues
(COM/2007/0279 final, May 2007)

White Paper on services of general interest (COM/2004/0374 final, May 2004)

White Paper on A new Impetus for European Youth (COM/2001/0681 final, November 2001)

White Paper on Sectors and Activities excluded from the Working Time Directive
   (COM/1997/0334 final, July 1997)

European Social Policy - A Way Forward for the Union - A White Paper
   (COM/1994/0333 final, July 1994)

Growth, Competitiveness, Employment: The Challenges and Ways Forward
   into the 21st Century - White Paper
(COM/1993/0700, December 1993)


Reports and Studies

• The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union:
   European Commission ; European Parliament

Employment and Social Analysis in Europe

Anti-discrimination Country Reports (Migration Policy Group)

• Selected Bibliography (Literature database for Vocationals Education and Training):
   Vocational education and training in European countries (Stand: 2014)

Migrant Integration Policy Index (tool which measures policies to integrate migrants in
   EU Member States, Australia, Canada, Iceland, Japan, South Korea, New Zealand,
   Norway, Switzerland, Turkey and the USA)


Journals and Periodicals

• EDC-Database: Labour Policy ; Social Policy

• Online-Journals of the EU: Employment and Labour ; Social Questions

Publications: Collections, Directories, Glossaries

Publication library of the European Social Fund (ESF)

• European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions:
   - Publications
   - European Industrial Relations Dictionary
   - EMIRE dictionary (Online Version of the European Employment
     and Industrial Relations Glossaries)

• European Commission, DG for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities:
   Publications ; Key Documents

European Training Foundation (ETF)

European Centre for the Development of Vocal Training

European Agency for Safety and Health at Work

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction

European Employment Policy Observatory

Documents Registry (EIGE)


• EU-Databases: Labour Policy ; Social Policy

• EDC-Database: Labour Policy ; Social Policy

• ECLAS (European Commission Library Catalogue): Employment, Labour and Social Affairs

• Press releases database: Employment, social affairs and inclusion

Social Dialogue Texts Database (European Commission)

• EDZ-ArchiDok - Full texts on the topic: Labour

ESCO Classification (of skills, competences, qualifications and occupations; multilingual)

Luxembourg Income Study Database (LIS; microdata collected from about 50 countries)


• Statistical Office of the EU (Eurostat):
   Health; Labour Market; Life Expectancy; Social Protection

Demography Report

European Social Survey (ESS)

Gender Statistics (Gender Equality Index; Gender Statistics Database)

The Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI) ; Factsheet 2017

Speeches, Press Releases, News Feeds


• European Commission, DG for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities:
   Andor (2010-2014); Dimas (1999-2004); Diamantopoulou (1999-2003)

• European Commission, DG for Education and Culture:
   Navracsics (2014-2019) ; Vassiliou (2010-2014) ; Reding (1999-2004)


Press Releases

European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction

European Agency for Safety and Health at Work

European Agency for Fundamental Rights


News Feeds (RSS)

EU Newsroom (Employment and Social Rights)

• European Commission, DG for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion

• European Commission, DG for Health and Food Safety, Direction Public Health

• European Parliament, Committee on Employment and Social Affairs

• Council of the European Union, Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs

European Foundation for Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (EUROFOUND; Dublin), 

European Centre for Development of Vocational Training (CEDEFOP; Thessaloniki)

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA; Lissabon)

European Agency for Evaluation of Medicinal Products (EMEA; London)

Programmes and Tenders

EU Programmes

• European Commission, Directorate-General for Education and Culture:
   Creative Europe 2014-2020 ; Erasmus for all 2014-2020

• Health Programme: Together for Health (2008-2013); Health for Growth (2014-2020)

• Health and Consumer Protection Programme: Programmes 2007-2013

• European Commission, Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion:
   PROGRESS-Programme ; EQUAL (2000-2008)

Europe for Citizins Programme



• European Commission, Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion

• European Commission, Directorate-General for Education and Culture

Working in Europe (Job Opportunities, Internships, Applications)

Working at the EU

   - EU Careers (European Personnel Selection Office)
   - Quick Guide to EU Traineeships
   - Traineeships for Graduates
   - Traineeships in the European Commission


Working in one of the EU Member Countries

  - Work and Retirement
  - European Employment Service (EURES) ; EURES-Advisers
  - EU Social Security Coordination
  - Public Directory of European Social Security Institutions (EESSI)
  - Europ. Comparison of the Socialsystems
     (Mutual Information System on Social Protection (MISSOC))
  - Free movement of professionals
  - Regulated Professions Database
     (Names of the regulated professions in the language of the home or host country)
  - ESCO (European Skills, Competences, Qualifications and Occupations)
  - Federation of International Employers (FedEE Global)

Women in Europe

Other Internet Resources

European Association of Institutes for Vocational Training (EVBB)

Migration Policy Group

ERYICA (European Youth Information and Counselling Agency)

ERCOMER (European Research Centre for Migration and Ethnic Relations)

ECRI (European Commission against Racism and Intolerance)

EDF (European Disability Forum)

The Federation of European Employers

European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research (Wien)

Intute: Social Sciences (Web resources for education and research; closed in July 2011)

ICCR - Interdisciplinary Centre for Comparative Research in the Social Sciences (Wien)

LIS data archive and research center (formerly 'Luxembourg Income Study')