EU Bodies and Institutions

As provided in the Treaty on European Union (TEU) the European Parliament, the European Council, the Council of the EU, the European Commission, the European Court of Justice, the European Central Bank and the European Court of Auditors are defined as official bodies of the European Union.

In addition there are other institutions playing an essential role in European policy shaping and implementation. The European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions are advisory bodies in the legislative process. The European Investment Bank (EIB) is the official financial institution of the European Union financing projects within and outside the EU. The European Ombudsman and the European Data Protection Supervisor are responsible for the protection of citizens' rights.

General Information

     • Interinstitutional bodies (Publications Office, CERT, EPSO etc.)

     • EU Institutions

     • Who is Who - The official directory of the European Union

     • Transparency and Information

     • EU-Institutionen, Agenturen und Stiftungen:
        - Contact ; Calendar ; News ;
        - Mailing lists, RSS, Podcasts ; social networks 
        - Mobile applications (EU-apps zum Herunterladen)
        - EU mobile websites and applications

     • Intergovernmental conferences (1996, 2000, 2004, 2007):
       -  Council (2007, 2004; Documents: 2004 ; 2007)
        - Commission (2000: archived website)
        - Database DORIE

     • Libraries and archives (Historical Archive: Council Regulation (EU) 2015/496)
        - Blue Guide (to the Archives of Member States, Foreign Ministries and EU institutions)

     • House of European History (Brussels, 2017)

     • Web archive of the EU institutions (hosted on the europa.eu domain and its subdomains)

     • Information on the future of Europe

     • Publications:
        - EU Institutions (overview)
        - Fulltexts in the EDC Database: Institutional Questions
        - Journals and periodicals (EDC Database)
        - EU online journals
        - Legislation in force:
           General, financial and institutional matters (fulltexts)
        - Summaries of EU Legislation:
           Institutional affairs ; Budget; Glossary

     • CIRCABC (Communication and Information Resource Centre for Administrations,
        Businesses and Citizens)

     • VoteWatch.eu (independant Website):
        voting activity in the European Parliament and the Council of Ministers)

Council of the European Union / European Council

     • Council of the European Union (Council of Ministers): Diagram ; introduction 
        - Animations on how the Council of the EU works

     • European Council (heads of state or government):
        - Diagram ; introduction
        - From fireside chats to key decision maker: a history of the European Council (Video)

     • Presidencies of the Council of the EU

     • Publications
        - EU Treaties: General Information ; Treaties since seit 1957 (full texts)
        - Summits of the European Council (Bulletin of the European Parliament: 1985-2006)
        - Conclusions: 1993-2009 ; since 2004 ; Press release database (1984-2013)
        - Public Register of Council document
        - Council's Rules of Procedure (2016)
        - Historical Archive ; Central Archives Search Engine (CASE) and inventories
        - Central archives of the European Council and the Council of the European Union
        - Guide to the ordinary legislative procedure (2016)
        - Press Release database (1975-2013):
          Presse releases, speeches etc. ; Conclusions, statements
        - Press releases, speeches, statements (since Jan. 2010) ; RSS

      • Research Data on the Council of the European Union (Göteborg University)

European Commission

     • European Commission ( Diagram ; introduction )

     • Commission 2014-2019 ; Commission 2010-2014 ; VoteWatch

     • Representations of the European Commission

     • Directorate-General and Services :
        - Contact lists (departments and executive agencies)
        - "EU Whoiswho" (official directory of the EU)

     • Blogs (Commissioners)

     • The Commission at work:
        Work programmes, key documents ; press releases (1 ; 2)

     • Electronic registers of documents:
        - Register of Commission documents (since 2001; Guide)
        - Comitology Register (since 2003) ; Comitology Procedure Reforms (2017)
        - Transparency Register (lobbying, interest representation and advocacy)
        - Register of expert groups and other similar entities

     • Archived websites (since 1995)

     • Relations with National Parliaments:
        - National Parliament opinions and Commission replies
        - Political dialogue: Annual reports on relations with national parliaments (since 2005)
        - Subsidiarity and proportionality - Annual reports on Better lawmaking (since 2001)

     • Funding, Tenders

European Parliament

     • European Parliament ( Diagramm ; introduction ; Vade mecum )

     • MEPs ; Political Groups ; Committees ; EP Information Offices ; Delegations

     • Electing the EP's President (procedure, duties): fachtsheet

     • Votes cast in the European Parliament:
       voting records of MEPs and political groups; created with EU Open Data

     • Ethics and transparency ; Interest groups
        - Association of Accredited Lobbyists to the EP (AALEP) (status as of: 2008)

     • European elections:
        - EP elections: 2014 ; 2014/2009 ; 2004 ; results 1979-2014
        - EP elections in Germany (since 1979)
        - European Election Studies (EES)

     • Plenary sittings (since Parliamentary term 1994/99):
        - Reports ; minutes ; debates
        - 'EU Legislation in Progress’ briefings
        - Parliamentary questions
        - Indexes of debates (1984-1999)
        - Committees' archives (documents since 2004)
        - Legislative Observatory (OEIL)
        - Concilations and Codecision website (guide; update: 2014)
        - Public Register of Documents
        - Historical Archive
        - Eurobarometer survey ; Petitions web portal
        - Newsroom ; EP Newshub ; RSS

     • European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS)
        - Database (studies, analyses, briefings)
        - EPRS Blog ; ThinkTank
        - Infographics (on various EU topics)
        - Graphics warehouse (graphs, charts, tables, maps with statistical data)

     • Fact Sheets on the European Union

     • VoteWatch: Who holds the power in the European Parliament?
        (political aktivities of MEPs since July 2014)

European Court of Justice

Court of Justice ( Introduction )

• Publications:
    - Case-law (numerical access since 1953)
    - Search for case-law (since 17/06/1997)
    - Press releases (since 1996) ; RSS
    - Annual reports (since 1998)

European Court of Auditors

European Investment Bank

Committee of the Regions

European Economic and Social Committee

European Central Bank

The European Ombudsman

The European Data Protection Supervisor