EU Presidency of the Council

The Council of the European Union does not have a permanent Chairperson like the European Commission or the European Parliament. Instead, the EU Presidency is hold by a Member State for only six months. 

The "Team Presidency (Trio)" was introduced by the Treaty of Lisbon for better cooperation and continuity (Council Decision 2009/881/EU). Since then, three member states are cooperating for a period of 18 months. For six months Committee and Council meetings are be chaired by one Member Country assited by the other two. The current Team Presidency is held by the Netherlands, Slovakia and Malta. 

The order of Presidencies until 2030 has been adjusted by Council decision (26 July 2016) after the accession of Croatia (2013) and the referendum on United Kingdom EU membership (2016).

EU Council Presidencies since 1995:

Year1st HALF2st HALF
1995   FranceSpain
1996ItalyIreland
1997The NetherlandsLuxembourg
1998United KingdomAustria
1999GermanyFinland
2000PortugalFrance
2001SwedenBelgium
2002SpainDenmark
2003GreeceItaly
2004IrelandThe Netherlands
2005LuxembourgUnited Kingdom
2006AustriaFinland
2007GermanyPortugal
2008SloweniaFrance
2009Czech Republic    Sweden
2010SpainBelgium
2011Hungary Poland
2012Demark Cyprus
2013Ireland Lithuania
2014Greece Italy
2015Lettland Luxembourg
2016The NetherlandsSlowakia
2017MaltaEstonia